Gravity Casting Alloys

Overview

ZA alloys were initially developed for gravity casting. Their mechanical properties compete directly with bronze, cast iron and aluminum using sand, permanent mold and plaster mold casting methods. Beginning in the late 1950's and continuing into the 1970's, Noranda, New Jersey Zinc Co. Ltd., St. Joe Mineral Co. and ILZRO contributed to development of the ZA alloy group. Zinc and Aluminum are the major alloy constituents, along with other minor additions of magnesium and copper. The numbers associated with the name represent the amount of aluminum in the alloy (i.e. ZA8 has 8% aluminum). Distinguishing features of ZA alloys include high as-cast strength, excellent bearing properties, as well as low energy (melting) requirements..

Eastern Alloys manufactures the entire ZA alloy group. There are many different gravity-casting processes such as permanent mold, graphite permanent mold, plaster, and sand. In general these processes are used for low to medium volume requirements, and also as a prototyping technique.

Mechanical Properties


 

ZA-8

ZA-12

ZA-27

 

Sand Cast

Perm Mold

Sand Cast

Perm Mold

Sand Cast

Sand Cast HT

Ultimate Tensile Strength: psi x 103 (MPa) 38 (263) 32-37 (221-255) 40-46 (276-317) 45-50 (310-345) 58-64 (400-441) 45-47 (310-324)
Yield Strength - 0.2% Offset: psi x 103 (MPa) 29 (200) 30 (206) 31 (214) 39 (269) 54 (372) 37 (255)
Elongation: % in 2" 1-2 1-2 1-3 1-3 3-6 8-11
Shear Strength: psi x 103 (MPa) - 35 (241) 37 (255) - 42 (290) 33 (228)
Hardness: Brinell 85 85-90 89-105 89-105 110-120 90-110
Impact Strength: ft-lb (J) 156 (20) - 193 (25) - 353 (47) 433 (58)
Fatigue Strength Rotary Bend - 5x108 cycles: psi x 103 (MPa) - 7.5 (52) 15 (103) - 25 (172) 15 (103)
Compressive Yield Strength 0.1% Offset:
psi x 103 (MPa)
29 (199) 31 (214) 33(227) 34 (234) 48 (331) 37 (255)
Modulus of Elasticity - psi x 106
(MPa x 103)
12.4 (85.5) 12.47 (85.5) 12.07 (82.7) 12.07 (82.7) 11.37 (77.9) 11.37 (77.9)
Poisson's Ratio 0.29 0.29 0.30 0.30 0.32 0.32

Physical Properties

 ZA-8ZA-12ZA-27
 Sand CastPerm MoldSand CastPerm MoldSand CastSand Cast HT
Density: lb/cu in (g/cm3) 0.227 (6.3) 0.227 (6.3) 0.218 (6.0) 0.218 (6.0) 0.181 (5.0) 0.181 (5.0)
Melting Range: °F (°C) 707-759 (375-404) 707-759 (375-404) 710-810 (377-432) 710-810 (377-432) 708-903 (376-484) 708-903 (376-484)
Electrical Conductivity: %IACS 27.7 27.7 28.3 28.3 29.7 29.7
Thermal Conductivity: BTU/ft/hr/°F (W/m/hr/°C) 66.3 (114.7) 66.3 (114.7) 67.1 (116.1) 67.1 (116.1) 72.5 (125.5) 72.5 (125.5)
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion:
68-212°F µin/in/°F (100-200°C µm/mm/°C)
12.9 (23.3) 12.9 (23.3) 13.4 (24.2) 13.4 (24.2) 14.4 (26.0) 14.4 (26.0)
Specific Heat: BTU/lb/°F (J/kg/°C) .104 (435) .104 (435) .107 (448) .107 (448) .125 (534) .125 (534)
Pattern of Die Shrinkage: in/in 1/8 in/ft 5/32 in/ft 1/8 in/ft 5/32 in/ft 5/32 in/ft 5/32 in/ft


Compositions

Chemical Specification (per ASTM) (% by Weight)
ZA-8ZA-12ZA-27
IngotCastingIngotCastingIngotCasting
Al 8.2-8.8 8.0-8.8 10.8-11.5 10.5-11.5 25.5-28.0 25.0-28.0
Mg .020-.030 .015-.030 .020-.030 .015-.030 .012-.020 .010-.020
Cu 0.8-1.3 .8-1.3 0.5-1.2 0.5-1.2 2.0-2.5 2.0- 2.5
Fe (max) .065 .075 .065 .075 .072 .075
Pb (max) .005 .006 .005 .006 .005 .006
Cd (max) .005 .006 .005 .006 .005 .006
Sn (max) .002 .003 .002 .003 .002 .003
Ni
(other)x10
- - - - - -
Zn Bal. Bal. Bal. Bal. Bal. Bal.
Color Code
ASTM B908
Blue Orange Purple
     

Shapes and Sizes

Products Shapes and Weights
(lbs.)
(click on a shape below for details)
 Standard IngotsStandard Sow
ZA-8 22 2,200
ZA-12 21 -
ZA-27 17 -
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